Sam is a graduate student and teaching assistant in music theory, and a member of the CSML at OSU. Her research focuses on emotional responses to music, particularly as they pertain to the relationships between the conductor, the audience, and the performers in a concert setting. Currently, she is working on a project that looks at the effects of synchronized movement and various musical characteristics on social bonding between members of a group, as well as developing cognitive methods of musical analysis that can be used to measure participants’ responses to music in real time. Recently, she completed an experiment on the relationship between orchestral conductors’ facial expressions and musicians’ emotions as mediated by imitation of the conductor’s facial expression and emotional contagion. This work will be presented at the Oxford Conducting Institute International Conducting Studies Conference in June 2020.